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NANGARHAR PROVINCE

Information included in this profile was consolidated by subject-matter experts from NATO's Civil-Military Fusion Centre (CFC).
All data originates from credible, "open" sources such as the United Nations and Afghan government's Central Statistics Organisation.
Please click here to find and access the original source for each piece of information below.

Provincial Capital: Jalalabad

POPULATION Unit 2003 2005 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012
Population Number - - 1,289,000 - 1,358,400 1,409,600 1,436,000
     Population (<18 years of age) Number - 845,000 - - - -  -
     Population (<5 years of age) Number - 272,000 - - - -  -
     Population (rural) Number 1,165,700 1,204,900 1,225,000
     Population (urban) Number 192,700 204,700 211,000
Ethnicities (as of 2002), with percent where available Group (Percent) Pashtun (90.1%), Tajik (1.6%), Arab (2.5%), Pashai (3.6%), Other (2.1%)
ECONOMY, RURAL DEVELOPMENT & INFRASTRUCTURE Unit 2003 2005 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012
Households reporting income from: Agriculture Percent - 48 - - - - -
Households reporting income from: Livestock Percent - 14 - - - - -
Households reporting income from: Trade and Services Percent - 31 - - - - -
Households reporting income from: Manufacturing Percent - 1 - - - - -
Households reporting income from: Opium Percent - 4 - - - - -
Households reporting income from: Remittances Percent - 9 - - - - -
Unemployment rate Percent - - 1.6 - - - -
Underemployment rate Percent - - 54.9 - - - -
Sectors of employment: Agriculture Percent - - 53.7 - - - -
Sectors of employment: Manufacturing, contstruction, mining, quarrying Percent - - 19.6 - - - -
Sectors of employment: Services Percent - - 23.3 - - - -
Poverty rate Percent - - 33 - - - -
Per capita monthly total consumption AFN  - - 1,550 - - - -
Microfinance: active clients (active borrowers) Number - - - - 14,816 (7,946) - -
Microfinance: number of loans disbursed Number - - - - 68,689 - -
Microfinance: average value of loan USD - - - - 434.3729273 - -
Microfinance: total value of loans disbursed USD - - - - 29,836,642 - -
Number of companies (total number of employees) Number - - - 821 (23,056) - - -
Number of government employees Number - - 9,797 - 17,854 18,087 -
      Number of government employees (male) Number - - - - 16,569 17,141 -
      Number of government employees (female) Number - - - - 1,285 946 -
Wheat: Irrigated and rainfed land under cultivation Thousands of hectares - 51.0 (est.) 58.0 (est.) 73 - 79 -
Wheat: Average yield from irrigated and rainfed land Tonnes / Hectare - 2.00 (est.) 2.38 (est.) 2.81 - 2.87 -
Wheat: Total production on irrigated and rainfed land Thousands of tonnes - 102 (est.) 138 (est.) 205 - 227 -
Wheat: Retail market price AFN/Kg - 10 11 16 18 - -
Opium: Area under cultivation Hectare 18,904 1,093 18,739 294 719 2,700 -
Households with access to any type of electricity some of the year Percent - 19 - - - - -
     Rural households Percent - 9 - - - - -
     Urban households Percent - 83 - - - - -
Households with access to public electricity Percent - 13 - - - - -
     Rural households Percent - 3 - - - - -
     Urban households Percent - 81 - - - - -
Average distance to nearest drivable road Kilometres - - 0.6 - - - -
EDUCATION Unit 2003 2005 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012
Overall net enrolment rate (6-13 years of age) Percent - 39 - - - 51 -
     Female net enrolment rate (6-13 years of age) Percent - 28 - - - - -
     Male net enrolment rate (6-13 years of age) Percent - 51 - - - - -
Rural net enrolment rate (6-13 years of age) Percent - 41 - - - - -
     Rural female net enrolment rate (6-13 years of age) Percent - 27 - - - - -
     Rural male net enrolment rate (6-13 years of age) Percent - 54 - - - - -
Primary school age children out of school Number - 137,000 - - - - -
Vocational Education and Training (VET) Institutes Number - - 2 - - - -
Total number of VET students Number - - 226 - - - -
     Male VET students Number - - 226 - - - -
     Female VET students Number - - 0 - - - -
Total number of VET teachers Number - - 25 - - - -
     Male VET teachers Number - - 25 - - - -
     Female VET teachers Number - - 0 - - - -
VET student to teacher ratio Ratio - - 9 - - - -
Overall literacy rate (6+ years of age) Percent - 29 - - - 31 -
     Female literacy rate (6+ years of age) Percent - 15 - - - - -
     Male literacy rate (6+ years of age) Percent - 41 - - - - -
Rural literacy rate (6+ years of age) Percent - 24 - - - - -
     Rural female literacy rate (6+ years of age) Percent - 9 - - - - -
     Rural male literacy rate (6+ years of age) Percent - 38 - - - - -
Overall literacy rate (15-24 years of age) Percent - 34.3 - - - - -
     Female literacy rate (15-24 years of age) Percent - 15.5 - - - - -
     Male literacy rate (15-24 years of age) Percent - 47.7 - - - - -
Adult illiteracy rate (15+ years of age) Percent 63 - - - - - -
     Adult female illiteracy rate (15+ years of age) Percent 81.7 - - - - - -
     Adult male illiteracy rate (15+ years of age) Percent 43.7 - - - - - -
Number of illiterate women Number - 300,000 - - - - -
Government primary education - - - - - - - -
     Number of teachers Number - - - - 2,941 - -
     Number of female teachers Number - - - - 90 - -
     Number of students Number - - - - 404,275 - -
     Number of female students Number - - - - 165,710 - -
     Number of schools Number - - - - 222 - -
     Number of mixed schools Number - - - - 182 - -
     Number of girls schools Number - - - - 21 - -
     Number of boys schools Number - - - - 19 - -
Government middle education - - - - - - - -
     Number of teachers Number - - - - 1,438 - -
     Number of female teachers Number - - - - 50 - -
     Number of students Number - - - - 70,273 - -
     Number of female students Number - - - - 16,864 - -
     Number of schools Number - - - - 140 - -
     Number of mixed schools Number - - - - 92 - -
     Number of girls schools Number - - - - 31 - -
     Number of boys schools Number - - - - 17 - -
Government high school education - - - - - - - -
     Number of teachers Number - - - - 4,853 - -
     Number of female teachers Number - - - - 832 - -
     Number of students Number - - - - 24,261 - -
     Number of female students Number - - - - 3,056 - -
     Number of schools Number - - - - 115 - -
     Number of mixed schools Number - - - - 55 - -
     Number of girls schools Number - - - - 12 - -
     Number of boys schools Number - - - - 48 - -
Private primary education - - - - - - - -
     Number of teachers Number - - - 14 - - -
     Number of students Number - - - 348 - - -
     Number of schools Number - - - 1 - - -
Private middle education - - - - - - - -
     Number of teachers Number - - - 7 14 - -
     Number of students Number - - - 110 135 - -
     Number of schools Number - - - 1 2 - -
Private high school education - - - - - - - -
     Number of teachers Number - - - 106 46 - -
     Number of students Number - - - 2,606 516 - -
     Number of schools Number - - - 8 5 - -
HEALTH, WATER & SANITATION Unit 2003 2005 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012
Annual number of births Thousand - 67,971 - - - - -
Births which are registered Percent 2.8 - 3 - - - -
Under fives with diarrhoea (in the last 2 weeks) (total) Percent 33.8 - - - - - -
Births attended by skilled birth attendant Percent - 22 - - - 60 -
Under-five deaths (per annum) Thousand - 12,235 - - - - -
Proportion of children under five with Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) (<5 years of age total) Percent 8.2 - - - - - -
Proportion of children under five with Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) in the last two weeks taken to health provider (<5 years of age total) Percent 30.8 - - - - - -
Maternal deaths per year Number - 748 - - - - -
Maternal mortality ratio Deaths per 100,000 live births   1,100 - - - - -
Proportion of delivery takes place at home (own house, relatives or neighbors) Percent - 78 - - - - -
Children under five with birth registration Number - 76,160 - - - - -
Under-five mortality rate Number   180 - - - - -
Women of child bearing age Number - 323,000 - - - - -
Closest health care facility (most common female response) Type of healthcare facility - Clinic without beds - - - - -
Closest health care facility (most common male response) Type of healthcare facility - Clinic without beds - - - - -
Proportion of the population using improved drinking water sources Percent - 58 - - - - -
Households using safe drinking water Percent - 43 - - - 8 -
     Rural households Percent - 41 - - - - -
     Urban households Percent - 62 - - - - -
Time required to access main source of drinking water - - - - - - - -
     In community/Minimal time required Percent - 93 - - - - -
     Near community/One hour or less required Percent - 7 - - - - -
     Between 1 and 3 hours required Percent - 0 - - - - -
     Between 3 and 6 hours required Percent - 0 - - - - -
Households with safe toilet facilities Percent - 6 - - - 0 -
     Rural households Percent - 2 - - - - -
     Urban households Percent - 33 - - - - -
Active health facilities Number - - - 109 - - -
     District hospitals Number - - - 3 - - 3
     Comprehensive health centers Number - - - 19 - - 19
     Basic health centers Number - - - 64 - - 72
     Mobile clinics Number - - - 3 - - 3
Users of family planning method Number - - 32,421 41,652 17,534 - 40,148
SOCIAL PROTECTION Unit 2003 2005 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012
Children aged 5-15 years involved in labour Percent 15.8 - 19.6 - - - -
Women aged 20-24 married before age 18 Percent - 35  - - - - -
OTHER DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS Unit 2003 2005 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012
National Solidarity Programme & Community Development           - -  
Number of Community Development Plans (CDPs) completed Number - - - - 1,141 1,139 -
Number of projects completed (average # of completed projects per community) Number - - - - 2,408 (2.1)  - -
Government and non-government magazines and newspapers                
Total publications Number - - - - 14 25 -
Daily publications Number - - - - 1 2 -
Weekly publications Number - - - - 4 4 -
Monthly publications Number - - - - 6 7 -
Displacement & Migration                
Migrants as proportion of provincial population (weighted average) Percent - 17 - - - - -
     As proportion of provincial rural population Percent - 21 - - - - -
     As proportion of provincial urban population Percent - 1 - - - - -
Rural migration within Afghanistan - - - - - - - -
     Seasonal migrants Percent - 98 - - - - -
     Permanent migrants Percent - 2 - - - - -
Urban migration within Afghanistan - - - - - - - -
     Seasonal migrants Percent - 99 - - - - -
     Permanent migrants Percent - 1 - - - - -
Migration to Pakistan - - - - - - - -
     Seasonal migrants Percent - 96 - - - - -
     Permanent migrants Percent - 4 - - - - -
Migration to Iran - - - - - - - -
     Seasonal migrants Percent - 40 - - - - -
     Permanent migrants Percent - 60 - - - - -
Migration to Europe - - - - - - - -
     Seasonal migrants Percent - 0 - - - - -
     Permanent migrants Percent - 100 - - - - -
Repatriation of Afghan migrants Number - - - - 10,123 26,800 12,299
     from Pakistan Number - - - - 10,098 26,772 12,227
     from Iran Number - - - - 25 28 67
     from other countries Number - - - - 0 0 5
SECURITY Unit 2003 2005 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012
Total security incidents  (Afghanistan NGO Safety Office data only) Incidents - - - 295 504 551 -
Coalition Fatalities Number 0 0 6 2 10 7 -
GOVERNANCE Unit 2003 2005 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012
Wolesi Jirga elections                
Total valid votes Number - 76,270 - - 291,224 - -
Female turnout Percent - 45.6 - - 38.3 - -
Complaints to EEC Number - - - - 283 - -
Total candidates Number - 60 - - 160 - -
Female candidates Number - 17 - - 24 - -
Polling stations planned Number - - - - 1,225 - -
Polling stations closed (never opened on election day) Number - - - - 226 - -
Polling stations disqualified by IEC or ECC Number - - - - 110 - -
Planned polling stations closed or disqualified Percent - - - - 27.4 - -
Corruption                
Percentage of public who believes corruption is a common occurrence in the country Percent - - - - 88-100 - -
Percentage of public who believes corruption has become a more significant problem over the last 3 years Percent - - - - 89-100 - -
Percentage of public who believes corruption is the biggest problem in Afghanistan Percent - - - - 4-13 - -